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Martha joined Liberty as Director in 2016. A human rights barrister by training, she arrived from Doughty Street Chambers where she specialised in bringing cases against the state.
She acted for bereaved families seeking answers after loved ones died in state care, represented survivors of rape, domestic violence and trafficking who were failed by the police, brought claims on behalf of prisoners and immigration detainees who had been mistreated in custody and challenged attempts to curb access to justice, press freedom and protest rights. She has written widely on human rights and civil liberties issues.
In 2015 Martha co-founded the ‘Act for the Act’ campaign, which put posters on trains, buses and billboards across the country telling the stories of people who had used the Human Rights Act when things went wrong in their lives.
Martha was previously a lawyer at the mental health charity, Mind, and at the Public Law Project. She is a Visiting Professor of Law at Goldsmiths University and a trustee of the Museum of Homelessness.
Grey is Liberty’s Advocacy Director. They oversee Liberty’s strategic litigation, policy work and campaigns, advice and information, and our investigative teams, who all work together to protect rights and hold the powerful to account.
Prior to joining Liberty in July 2019, Grey was Legal Director at the Equality and Human Rights Commission. They have specialised in human rights, equality, and public law litigation, advisory and policy work since qualifying as a solicitor in 2002.
Grey trained in private practice at the legal aid front line, mainly focussed on community care and asylum support cases. Subsequently they worked at the Public Law Project and then the Equality and Human Rights Commission litigating on a broad range of human rights issues in the domestic courts and the ECHR, and advising on legislative change proposals. During that time they also worked with the UN treaty bodies, particularly the Committee Against Torture, and a number of partner organisations.
As manager of our Advice & Information team, Olivia is responsible for providing strategic direction to Liberty’s public advice service, including developing innovative approaches to advice provision and managing casework and training projects.
Olivia is a qualified solicitor who has worked in private practice, the Government Legal Service and the Council of Europe. Prior to joining Liberty she was Research Assistant at the Bingham Centre for the Rule of Law, carrying out research and policy work on human rights and access to justice issues.
Olivia came to Liberty because she is committed to making law and human rights more accessible to everyone regardless of their education level or financial means.
Callum provides legal advice on a range of human rights issues to members of the public and drafts legal information articles for the advice and information hub. He also develops collaborative projects with grassroots organisations, including protest bust cards and protest rights training for racialised and migrant communities.
Callum is a LLB Law and LLM International Human Rights Law graduate. He has previously volunteered, interned and worked within numerous human rights organisations, including Right to Remain, Prisoners’ Advice Service, Detention Action, REDRESS, the Human Dignity Trust, and Black Protest Legal Support.
He is a former Chair of the Young Lawyers’ Committee of the Human Rights Lawyers Association and member of their Executive Committee. He organises with Lambeth Cop Watch to monitor and challenge discriminatory and oppressive policing in his community, as well as regularly acting as a legal observer at protests with Black Protest Legal Support. He is also a Trustee for Brixton Advice Centre.
Callum came to Liberty because it challenges the oppression of marginalised communities, and because its work speaks to the imagining and realisation of a better world.
James provides legal advice on a range of human rights issues to members of the public, and drafts legal information articles for the advice and information hub.
James is a qualified solicitor who trained in private practice before working with a number of human rights focussed NGOs in legal and policy roles. He has also volunteered for various charities, including Amnesty International as a Human Rights Speaker and at several pro bono centres.
James came to Liberty because of his belief that understanding your rights is the first step to defending them, and because of Liberty’s commitment to doing so.
Eleanor joined Liberty in October 2019 as part of the team establishing Liberty Investigates – an editorially independent investigative journalism unit pursuing human rights stories.
Eleanor previously worked for the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) on the Panama Papers global investigation; and The Khadija Project continuing the work of jailed Azerbaijani journalist Khadija Ismayilova, which won the IRE’s Tom Renner Award. She lived in Bosnia for three years where she was correspondent for the Balkan Investigative Reporting Network and Reporters Without Borders (RSF), and also reported from Kosovo, North Macedonia, Spain, Ukraine, Georgia and Lebanon for a range of outlets including Bellingcat, POLITICO Europe and Reader’s Digest International Editions.
Later, as part of the Evening Standard’s special investigation into modern slavery in London, Eleanor revealed how traffickers prey on homeless people and other vulnerable groups. Then, she helped uncover the sources of a slew of death threats against British MPs for an ITV Exposure documentary. She is a previous winner of the PTC’s New Consumer Journalist Award.
Aaron was previously the news editor at independent media outlet EachOther, helping shape its coverage of UK human rights issues ranging from systemic racism to school exclusions. He was also a freelance reporter for the Guardian and the Observer, covering national news and producing exclusive stories on homelessness and disability rights.
In 2019, he won a Google News Initiative-sponsored award for his work leading a year-long newspaper campaign focussing on rough sleeping in while at east London’s Ilford Recorder.
The campaign crowdfunded more than £21,000 for local homelessness services. In coordination with the Bureau Local’s Dying Homeless project, he revealed that at least 10 people had died homeless in the borough of Redbridge in the year to October 2018, six of whom were undocumented Indian migrants stuck in a bureaucratic limbo.
Aaron has a keen interest in migration, homelessness and policing.
Prior to working for Liberty Investigates, Jessica Purkiss ran the Shadow Wars project at The Bureau of Investigative Journalism. There she focused on military operations in Afghanistan, working with various publications to uncover concerning trends in civilian harm. In 2020, a story she worked on in partnership with The New York Times was a finalist for Amnesty’s investigation prize.
Jessica also spent three years reporting from the Middle East. She began her journalism career as an intern at the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, writing press releases from the court in Tanzania. She has an MA in Human Rights and Genocide Studies.
Mirren joined Liberty as part of its investigative journalism team in October 2019. As one of the journalists, her focus areas include policing and counterterrorism, as well as an interest in prisons.
Prior to joining Liberty, Mirren worked as the storytelling and digital media manager at the international human rights organisation The Syria Campaign, where she worked to uncover human rights abuses in Syria and tell them to a wider audience. An award-nominated journalist, she began her career as an intern at TIME magazine before taking up a place on the BBC’s Journalism Training Scheme. From there she joined Newsweek magazine where she reported on conflict and human rights abuses from countries worldwide, securing six cover stories. Mirren then moved into documentary journalism, presenting an episode of Channel 4’s award-winning investigative series Unreported World, before studying for her MA in Terrorism, Security and Society. Outside of Liberty, she volunteers as a visitor for people held in immigration detention.
Mirren joined Liberty for the opportunity to work on impactful, in-depth journalism that exposes injustice and holds the powerful to account.
Louise joined Liberty in June 2020, having practised as a solicitor in the NGO sector and in private practice for over 20 years. Previously she worked at the Public Law Project, and Deighton Pierce Glynn, specialising in judicial review and discrimination cases. She is one of the leading practitioners on the public sector equality duty and has worked closely with the women’s sector and Deaf and Disabled People’s Organisations on a number of human rights issues affecting them and their service-users.
Louise joined Liberty to help lead their strategic litigation working collaboratively across the organisation, and to build relationships with other organisations using the law to speak truth to power.
Katy returned to Liberty in August 2020, having previously worked as an Advice and Information Officer in 2013. In between, she qualified and practiced as a solicitor at the Public Law Project, where she specialised in strategic judicial review litigation concerning access to justice and migrants’ rights.
At Liberty, Katy’s work focuses on technology, privacy and protest.
Katy joined Liberty in order to be part of a multidisciplinary organisation protecting human rights and holding the government to account.
Lana Adamou joined Liberty in July 2020, having worked in private practice since 2009.
Lana specialises in challenging police powers, and unfairness in the criminal justice system. She has helped a wide-range of clients to uphold their human rights and civil liberties, including bereaved families, protestors, over-policed young people, and victims of serious crime.
Prior to joining Liberty, she co-chaired the Police Action Lawyers’ Group, a national organisation of lawyers committed to holding the police to account.
Lana joined Liberty to use the law to protect fundamental rights and freedoms at both individual and systemic levels.
Lara joined Liberty in February 2017, having worked in private practice since 1998.
Lara specialises in public law challenges against the Government and local authorities. Lara has represented some of the most vulnerable people in society, including children, migrants, asylum seekers, refugees and those with disabilities. She has led on a number of our interventions, including in the recent Right to Rent case as well as in trafficking cases in the European Court of Human Rights.
Lara has previously been a member of the Law Society’s Mental Health Panel, and is currently a member of the Litigation Friend Network. She has a Masters in Refugee Studies.
A Liberty member since her student days, Lara now leads Liberty’s legal work challenging “hostile environment” policies and co-leads our work on work challenging Public Spaces Protection Orders, in particular those targeting the homeless.
Meg returned to Liberty in April 2018, having worked here during 2016 and 2017. Meg is a lawyer in Liberty’s Legal team, running our litigation in privacy and technology.
Previously, Meg worked as a solicitor in private practice. She has also volunteered with The AIRE Centre, The Connection, and a children’s charity, and is determined to continue to work with the more vulnerable groups in our society.
Meg joined Liberty to use the law to strengthen and protect vital rights and freedoms.
Nikki is a LLB Law with a Year Abroad graduate. After graduating, Nikki worked at Duncan Lewis Solicitors. She has also done a variety of voluntary work, including for SIFA Fireside, Birmingham Pro Bono and Shelter, and has volunteered in Ghana. She has been awarded a Scholarship from Middle Temple to fund her Bar Course.
Nikki first joined Liberty as an Advice and Information Intern and then went on to become Liberty’s Legal Team Paralegal. Nikki came to Liberty because of her commitment to protecting human rights and combating inequality and discrimination, and Liberty’s dedication to this.
Sam started at Liberty at the start of 2018 and works on ending immigration detention, protecting the Human Rights Act, mental health and military justice issues.
Before joining Liberty, Sam was Campaigns Manager at René Cassin where he engaged and mobilised the British Jewish community on immigration detention, discrimination towards minorities, and modern slavery issues. He also was a volunteer for RightsInfo and a founding trustee of the Advocacy Academy. He holds a Masters in Human Rights from the LSE.
Sam joined the team to be a part of the incredible track record of positive change that Liberty has been involved with over the last 80 years.
Emmanuelle is a Policy and Campaigns Manager at Liberty. She works across policing, protest and surveillance technology.
Prior to joining Liberty, Emmanuelle worked in research and policy at Kaleidoscope Trust, advocating for the rights of communities across the globe persecuted because of their sexual orientation and gender identity. Emmanuelle was a founding member of the Free Black University and a researcher-in-residence at the South London Gallery where she worked with young people on responding to a colonial anthropological archive. She is also a reframing consultant for Runnymede Trust’s racial justice project and sits on the board of trustees at the Public Interest Research Centre.
Emmanuelle holds a BA in Anthropology and Law from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and an MA in Gender, Race, Sexuality and Social Justice from the University of British Columbia (on the traditional, ancestral, and unceded territory of the Musqueam people).
She came to Liberty to join the work of re-imagining what community safety looks like, and to stand up against the assumption that criminalisation, punishment and surveillance can ever be a part of that vision.
Jodie is a Policy and Campaigns Officer at Liberty. She works across policing, protest and scrutinising the government’s response to the coronavirus pandemic.
Previously, Jodie was Campaigns Officer at Women in Prison, working on campaigns to halt prison expansion and increase support for community-based women’s centres that provide support to women affected by the criminal justice system. She organises with Abolitionist Futures and co-founded Our Empty Chair, a collective bringing together the experiences of families separated from their loved ones by prisons and detention, in April 2020.
Jodie holds a BA in Politics from King’s College London and an MSc in Criminal Justice Policy from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). She joined Liberty to be part of the resistance to state policies of coercion and surveillance and the work towards building a society where everyone has what they need to live safe lives.
Jun is a Policy and Campaigns Officer at Liberty. She co-leads on Liberty’s campaign to defend the Human Rights Act, and also works across protest, policing, surveillance technology, data privacy, migrants’ rights, and scrutinising the Government’s response to the coronavirus pandemic.
Previously, Jun was a Research Fellow at the Global Detention Project, producing reports on immigration detention and border regimes around the world. She organises with the Remember the Essex 39 campaign and daikon* zine, and has volunteered at Praxis Community Projects. Originally from Hong Kong, she has worked for various human rights organizations and an independent media outlet in her hometown.
Jun holds a BA in Politics and Sociology, an MSc in Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and a Graduate Diploma in Law. She joined Liberty to be part of an organisation fighting for structural change and justice for all.
Charlie is the Policy and Campaigns Officer at Liberty, providing support across the team on all aspects of our work, from facial recognition and immigration detention to counter-terrorism and policing, and helping coordinate our parliamentary advocacy.
Charlie came to Liberty in September 2019, most recently from a background in theatre production in London and New York, having previously spent time at human rights and criminal justice organisations in the UK. He holds a Masters in US History & Politics from UCL.
Charlie joined Liberty for the opportunity to help bring about genuine change on some of the issues that matter the most.
Mita (she/they) is Liberty’s Campaigns Assistant, providing support for the campaign to defend the Human Rights Act.
Prior to joining Liberty, Mita worked as a journalist reporting for international publications including Al Jazeera English, Foreign Policy, VICE, and The Cambodia Daily. She transitioned into policy campaigns and advocacy at BCW, a global PR firm, managing the Indonesian public affairs team and providing strategic counsel for a range of intergovernmental organisations, NGOs, think tanks, and multinational companies, including a government ministry and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).
A labour and migrants rights advocate, Mita also engages in community organising with interest in decolonial and abolitionist politics. She received her BA from Wesleyan University (USA) and Master’s from SOAS University of London. Mita joined Liberty to be part of the fight towards a just society.
Pippa Johnson joined Liberty in 2011 to work on membership and fundraising, before becoming Development Director in July 2017. Pippa has worked in fundraising for more than eight years at both environmental and human rights organisations.
Passionate about Liberty’s work, challenging injustice and holding the powerful to account, Pippa believes that whether you’re asking someone to donate £1 or £100,000 it’s incredibly important to believe in the organisation’s work and know that money is being spent effectively.
Andrew joined Liberty in September 2017 to manage the organisation’s membership programme and fundraise from individual supporters.
Andrew has worked in fundraising for ten years and prior to working for Liberty was a freelance fundraising consultant. He has worked for organisations in the social justice, homelessness and international development sectors and is currently a member of Global Justice Now’s board.
He joined Liberty due to his passion for human rights and social justice and a desire to work for a campaigning organisation again.
Jasmine is a Development Assistant at Liberty supporting our membership and individual giving functions.
Jasmine holds a Masters in Conflict, Security and Development from the University of Sussex. She has previously worked in fundraising and research for different charities. Jasmine has also volunteered in Freetown with Future for Children Sierra Leone – an NGO focused on the socio-economic empowerment and development of children who are homeless or vulnerable, and their families – and continues to work with and promote the organisation.
Jasmine joined Liberty because of her passion for supporting vulnerable people within society and protecting their human rights.
Emma works closely with our donors. Before joining Liberty in 2015, she worked in fundraising and communications for Canon Collins, an education and legal assistance NGO with its roots in the struggle against apartheid.
Emma holds a master’s in human rights law and a degree in human rights and journalism. She has previously worked as journalist in West Africa and taught English in Russia and South East Asia, where her passion for fundraising and human rights was born.
Katharine joined Liberty in January 2022 in the role of Philanthropy Officer focussing on Trusts & Foundations fundraising. She previously worked at Great Ormond Street Hospital Children’s Charity where she specialised in Special Event fundraising. Katharine joined Liberty to be part of a team that holds the Government to account and with a long track-record of achieving real, lasting change.
Katharine holds a masters degree in Human Rights from the London School of Economics where she focussed on women and children’s rights. Katharine won the British Council ‘Scholarship of Excellence’ which enabled her to spend a year of her Sociology undergraduate at the City University of Hong Kong. In Hong Kong she witnessed the beginnings of the ‘Umbrella Revolution’ which sparked her passion for Human Rights and Civil Liberties. Katharine is currently undertaking the Graduate Diploma in Law via part time study and hopes to go on to study the Bar Practise Course.
Clair ensures good financial management at Liberty, so that money is safeguarded at all times and used appropriately, economically, efficiently and effectively.
She joined Liberty because of its respected reputation and high public profile.
Nicke is our People and Culture Manager. Before joining Liberty in 2013 she operations roles in the media industry.
Nicke came to Liberty because she wanted to put her organisational skills to good use supporting great work.
Naveed joined Liberty to manage its Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning work. This means working across the organisation to understand the different ways in which our work improves respect for human rights, and ensuring we learn lessons where necessary.
Prior to joining Liberty, Naveed worked primarily in the international development sector for over 10 years, on issues including labour rights, financial inclusion, and freedom of speech. He has a Masters in Economics and Development from the SOAS, and degree in Law from the University of Oxford.
Naveed has been interested in the work of Liberty ever since completing his degree, and was excited to join to take forward its work in impact evaluation.
Vasuki is our Executive Assistant to Director. She provides administrative support to the Director, Board and Senior Leadership Team.
Vasuki previously worked in the welfare sector and chose to join Liberty in the fight towards protecting and promoting human rights.
Sylvia joined Liberty in 2022 as a HR and Operations Assistant and is responsible for Liberty’s recruitment, onboarding, HR admin and assisting the wider Ops Team.
She previously studied International Human Rights Law at university and joined Liberty to combine her passion for defending our crucial rights with her HR expertise.
Matt is Liberty’s Communications Director. He’s responsible for overseeing Liberty’s external positioning; reaching new audiences; influencing public discourse on human rights and maintaining and growing Liberty’s high-profile and brand.
Prior to joining Liberty in 2022, Matt held a range of senior leadership roles within the charity sector, including Media Trust, akt (The Albert Kennedy Trust) and Terrence Higgins Trust. He has over a decade of experience in communications roles and is currently Chair of the Board of Trustees for LGBTQ+ health and wellbeing charity London Friend.
Larry oversees our public-facing digital presence and works with departments across Liberty to help coordinate our campaigns.
Larry has worked for Liberty since 2011, previously editing our newsletter and redeveloping the website in 2014. Before joining us, Larry worked in communications for an international development NGO.
Amarinder is Media Manager at Liberty, where he oversees our press office and helps communicate Liberty’s work to the public.
Amarinder joined Liberty in September 2021, having previously worked in the comms team at an international development NGO. He joined Liberty to help raise awareness of human rights issues in the UK and create long-lasting change.
After volunteering with Liberty in several roles, Dave joined the Operations team in 2013 before moving into the Communications teama year later.
Dave previously worked in careers education in East London. He joined Liberty to play his part in a human rights NGO with a long track-record of achieving real, lasting change across society.
Polly joined Liberty’s media team in 2019 after holding a similar role at the Green Party of England and Wales. Before that Polly trained and worked as a local journalist.
She came to Liberty to be part of an organisation with a track record of defending human rights and holding those in power to account.
Georgia joined Liberty in 2021, and works as part of the media team to communicate Liberty’s work to the wider world. They previously worked for the Green Party and the Centre for Ageing Better.
Georgia came to Liberty to be part of a team defending people’s rights and standing up against abuses of power.
Lara joined Liberty’s media team in 2022 after working at a research institute for the Holocaust and genocide.
She came to Liberty to be part of an organisation that defends human rights in the UK and successfully holds those in positions of power to account.
Being a cross-party, non-party political organisation, Liberty regularly publishes briefings to MPs and peers, to provide consultation to parliamentary committees and to respond to consultations on issues relating to human rights and civil liberties in the UK.
Liberty is an independent membership organisation. We challenge injustice, defend freedom and campaign to make sure everyone in the UK is treated fairly. We are campaigners, lawyers and policy experts who work together to protect rights and hold the powerful to account.
Liberty is the UK's oldest civil liberties organisation, with more than 10,500 members.
Martha Spurrier (born 1986) is a British barrister and human rights campaigner. She is the director of the advocacy group Liberty, succeeding Shami Chakrabarti.
Article 5 of the Human Rights Act – the right to liberty and security – protects us from having our freedom arbitrarily taken away. This right is particularly important for people held in immigration detention or in the criminal justice system or detained under mental health laws.
Where does Liberty's funding come from? We receive funding in a range of different ways, including from trusts and foundations, membership fees, individual donations, legal fees and legacies.
Liberty uses a variety of methods to achieve their aims: Providing detailed briefings on Bills before Parliament. Responding to government consultations. Providing advice to Parliamentary committees on matters which have implications on human rights/civil liberties.
Thus liberty entails the responsible use of freedom under the rule of law without depriving anyone else of their freedom. Freedom is broader in that it represents a total lack of restraint or the unrestrained ability to fulfill one's desires.
85 years of campaigning
Our members have campaigned on a huge range of issues over the last 80 years – from fighting fascism, mass surveillance, internment and abuse of police power, to defending free speech and demanding equal rights for all.
Love Island star Liberty lives in Birmingham
Dancing on Ice contestant Liberty Poole shot to fame on Love Island and now she's entertaining the nation gliding across the ice with professional Joe Johnson. The star lives in Birmingham with her mother, who many people say looks just like her.
The Liberty Card TM gives a variety of discounts on food, entertainment, and service purchases. Those who purchase the card.
Madeleine Macey is a luxury brand ambassador, representing and advising companies on strategic communications and brand management with a 360 degree approach. Madeleine now also has an editorial portfolio including Presenting and fashion journalism.
meet Ed Burstell, Managing Director of Liberty | London Evening Standard | Evening Standard.
Julian Beer - Flagship General Manager - Liberty Ltd | LinkedIn.
As used in the Constitution, liberty means freedom from arbitrary and unreasonable restraint upon an individual. Freedom from restraint refers to more than just physical restraint, but also the freedom to act according to one's own will.
Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination.
Examples of Civil Liberties
Right to privacy. Right to a jury trial. Right to freedom of religion. Right to travel freely.
Why are Liberty and the Civil Liberties Trust separate organisations? Liberty is an unincorporated association made up of members, and a non-profit making company that employs staff and runs campaigns. The Civil Liberties Trust is a grant-making registered charity.
The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the people of France, and the copper statue was, for the most part, paid for by French citizens.
The 151-foot-tall Statue cost $250,000, paid for by the French. The pedestal, at 154 feet, cost $270,000 paid for by American sources. One thing missing from the Statute and pedestal was the famous plaque with a poem from Emma Lazarus. She wrote the sonnet as part of the fund raising effort, and it was added in 1903.
Eventually chronic repression leads to helplessness, depression, anxiety and defeat. The loss of liberty is the heart of much unhappiness because someone surrenders his or her freedom to another. They compromise too much of what makes them who they are.
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The liberty in the social contract is also liberty, and as discussed above, it is also inalienable. Hobbes advocated the transfer of all natural rights to Leviathan; from then on, people will unconditionally obey its orders, and Leviathan will use its own power to protect people's rights.
By 'moral liberty' Reid means, not freedom to act, but freedom to choose, or to decide.
How to Pronounce Liberty - YouTube
But what many don't know is that some of the show's stars had cosmetic surgery before heading into the famous villa. Some are very open about the work they've had done, including Ekin-Su Culculoglu, 27, and Andrew Le Page, 27, who took to social media to show off their transformations.
However now, Liberty is said to be on “cloud nine” and “smitten” dating a new man called Tyler. Tyler is reportedly a carpenter, who she has met since being on the show, and the pair have been on a string of dates together. A source close to Liberty told The Sun on Sunday: “She has been seeing him for nearly a month.
Liberty of London is a long standing and celebrated brand, that showcases quintessentially British designs on its fabrics. Fabrics Galore has stocked Liberty fabric since it opened 25 years ago and is one of the only London based fabric retailers that is trusted with this privilege.
Insiders are those who have been with the organisation for a long time, often their entire career has been with a single firm. Outsiders are those who have been hired to bring fresh ideas, competences, and blood into the organisation.
Broadly speaking, liberty is the ability to do as one pleases, or a right or immunity enjoyed by prescription or by grant (i.e. privilege). It is a synonym for the word freedom.
I mention Berlin's confusion because I think that a focus on these two aspects of liberty (freedom from state interference and freedom to practice religion) can help us understand the battles we are currently having about religious liberty.
"Positive and Negative Liberty".
Conversely, an outsider right is one that is specific to a limited group or individual as opposed to anyone who is a member. This means that an insider can have a unique outside right in addition to their insider rights.
Outside directors are paid an annual retainer fee in the form of cash, benefits and/or stock options. Corporate governance standards require public companies to have a certain number or percentage of outside directors on their boards. In theory outside directors are more likely to provide unbiased opinions.
An outside director provides management assistance and oversight to corporations. As a member of the board of directors, a person who accepts this position has a fiduciary duty to protect the interests of shareholders.
Liberty is defined as freedom from captivity or control. An example of liberty is the ability to go where you want, do what you want and say what you want.
By 'moral liberty' Reid means, not freedom to act, but freedom to choose, or to decide.
In terms of what a free society seeks to accomplish, liberty is five freedoms for each individual: (1) freedom to come and go, (2) equality and justice before the law, (3) security of property, (4) freedom of speech, and (5) freedom of conscience.
Positive liberty is the possession of the power and resources to act in the context of the structural limitations of the broader society which impacts a person's ability to act, as opposed to negative liberty, which is freedom from external restraint on one's actions.
Negative liberty is freedom from interference by other people. Negative liberty is primarily concerned with freedom from external restraint and contrasts with positive liberty (the possession of the power and resources to fulfill one's own potential).
Liberty is defined by the Oxford dictionary as “The state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one's way of life, behaviour, or political views.”, while freedom is defined as “The power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants.”.
Liberty is usually defined in two ways: Negative Liberty & Positive Liberty: (A) Negative Liberty: In its negative sense, Liberty is taken to mean an absence of restraints. It means the freedom to act is any way. In this form liberty becomes a license.
|Statue of Liberty Liberty Enlightening the World|
|Sculptor||Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi|
|Visitors||3.2 million (in 2009)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
The right to liberty is the right of all persons to freedom of their person – freedom of movement and freedom from arbitrary detention by others. Historically, the protection of individual liberty was one of the crowning achievements of the common law.