Hillary Clinton "Women's Rights are Human Rights" Speech at 1995 Women's Conference Beijing Transcript (2022)

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (00:20)
Thank you very much, Gertrude Mongella, for your dedicated work that has brought us to this point. Distinguished delegates and guests, I would like to thank the Secretary General for inviting me to be part of this important United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women. This is truly a celebration, a celebration of the contributions women make in every aspect of life, in the home, on the job, in the community, as mothers, wives, sisters, daughters, learners, workers, citizens, and leaders. It is also a coming together much the way women come together every day in every country. We come together in fields and factories, in village markets and supermarkets, in living rooms and board rooms, whether it is while playing with our children in the park, or washing clothes in a river, or taking a break at the office water cooler, we come together and talk about our aspirations and concerns.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (01:41)
Time and again our talk turns to our children and our families. However different we may appear, there is far more that unites us than divides us. We share a common future and we are here to find common ground so that we may help bring new dignity and respect to women and girls all over the world, and in so doing bring new strength and stability to families as well. By gathering in Beijing we are focusing world attention on issues that matter most in our lives, the lives of women and their families, access to education, healthcare, jobs, and credit, the chance to enjoy basic legal and human rights, and to participate fully in the political life of our countries.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (02:42)
There are some who question the reason for this conference. Let them listen to the voices of women in their homes, neighborhoods, and workplaces. There are some who wonder whether the lives of women and girls matter to economic and political progress around the globe. Let them look at the women gathered here and at Huairou, the homemakers and nurses, the teachers and lawyers, the policymakers, and women who run their own businesses. It is conferences like this that compel governments and peoples everywhere to listen, look, and face the world’s most pressing problems. Wasn’t it, after all, after the women’s conference in Nairobi 10 years ago that the world focused for the first time on the crisis of domestic violence?

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (03:39)
Earlier today I participated in a World Health Organization forum. In that forum we talked about ways that government officials, NGOs, and individual citizens are working to address the health problems of women and girls. Tomorrow I will attend a gathering of the United Nations Development Fund for Women. There the discussion will focus on local and highly successful programs that give hard-working women access to credit so they can improve their own lives and the lives of their families. What we are learning around the world is that if women are healthy and educated, their families will flourish. If women are free from violence, their families will flourish. If women have a chance to work and earn as full and equal partners in society, their families will flourish. And when families flourish, communities and nations do as well. That is why every woman, every man, every child, every family, and every nation on this planet, does have a stake in the discussion that takes place here.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (04:56)
Over the past 25 years I have worked persistently on issues relating to women, children, and families. Over the past two and a half years I’ve had the opportunity to learn more about the challenges facing women in my own country and around the world. I have met new mothers in Indonesia who come together regularly in their village to discuss nutrition, family planning, and baby care. I have met working parents in Denmark who talk about the comfort they feel in knowing that their children can be cared for in safe and nurturing afterschool centers.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (05:33)
I have met women in South Africa who helped lead the struggle to end apartheid and are now helping to build a new democracy. I have met with the leading women of my own hemisphere, who are working every day to promote literacy and better healthcare for children in their countries. I have met women in India and Bangladesh who are taking out small loans to buy milk cows, or rickshaws, or thread, in order to create a livelihood for themselves and their families. I have met the doctors and nurses in Belarus and Ukraine who are trying to keep children alive in the aftermath of Chernobyl.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (06:14)
The great challenge of this conference is to give voice to women everywhere whose experiences go unnoticed, whose words go unheard. Women comprise more than half the world’s population, 70% of the world’s poor, and two thirds of those who are not taught to read and write. We are the primary caretakers for most of the world’s children and elderly, yet much of the work we do is not valued. Not by economists, not by historians, not by popular culture, not by government leaders. At this very moment as we sit here, women around the world are giving birth, raising children, cooking meals, washing clothes, cleaning houses, planting crops, working on assembly lines, running companies, and running countries.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (07:09)
Women also are dying from diseases that should have been prevented or treated. They are watching their children succumb to malnutrition caused by poverty and economic deprivation. They are being denied the right to go to school by their own fathers and brothers. They are being forced into prostitution, and they are being barred from the bank lending offices, and banned from the ballot box. Those of us who have the opportunity to be here, have the responsibility to speak for those who could not. As an American, I want to speak for women in my own country. Women who are raising children on the minimum wage, women who can’t afford healthcare or childcare, women whose lives are threatened by violence, including violence in their own homes.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (07:59)
I want to speak up for mothers who are fighting for good schools, safe neighborhoods, clean air, and clean airwaves. For older women, some of them widows, who find that after raising their families their skills and life experiences are not valued in the marketplace. For women who are working all night as nurses, hotel clerks, or fast-food chefs, so that they can be at home during the day with their children. And for women everywhere who simply don’t have time to do everything they are called upon to do each and every day. Speaking to you today I speak for them just as each of us speaks for women around the world who are denied the chance to go to school or see a doctor or own property, or have a say about the direction of their lives, simply because they are women.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (08:57)
The truth is that most women around the world work both inside and outside the home, usually by necessity. We need to understand there is no one formula for how women should lead our lives. That is why we must respect the choices that each woman makes for herself and her family. Every woman deserves the chance to realize her own God-given potential. But we must recognize that women will never gain full dignity until their human rights are respected and protected. Our goals for this conference to strengthen families and societies by empowering women to take greater control over their own destinies cannot be fully achieved unless all governments, here and around the world, accept their responsibility to protect and promote internationally recognized human rights.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (10:00)
The international community has long acknowledged, and recently reaffirmed at Vienna, that both women and men are entitled to a range of protections and personal freedoms, from the right of personal security, to the right to determine freely the number and spacing of the children they bear. No one should be forced to remain silent for fear of religious or political persecution, arrest, abuse, or torture. Tragically, women are most often the ones whose human rights are violated. Even now in the late 20th century the rape of women continues to be used as an instrument of armed conflict. Women and children make up a large majority of the world’s refugees, and when women are excluded from the political process they become even more vulnerable to abuse.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (11:20)
I believe that now on the eve of a new millennium, it is time to break the silence. It is time for us to say here in Beijing and for the world to hear that it is no longer acceptable to discuss women’s rights as separate from human rights. These abuses have continued because for too long the history of women has been a history of silence. Even today there are those who are trying to silence our words. But the voices of this conference and of the women at Huairou must be heard loudly and clearly. It is a violation of human rights when babies are denied food, or drowned, or suffocated, or their spines broken, simply because they are born girls. It is a violation of human rights when women and girls are sold into the slavery of prostitution for human greed, and the kinds of reasons that are used to justify this practice should no longer be tolerated.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (13:01)
It is a violation of human rights when women are doused with gasoline, set on fire, and burned to death because their marriage dowries are deemed too small. It is a violation of human rights when individual women are raped in their own communities, and when thousands of women are subjected to rape as a tactic or prize of war. It is a violation of human rights when a leading cause of death worldwide among women ages 14 to 44 is the violence they are subjected to in their own homes by their own relatives. It is a violation of human rights. When young girls are brutalized by the painful and degrading practice of genital mutilation. It is a violation of human rights when women are denied the right to plan their own families, and that includes being forced to have abortions or being sterilized against their will.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (14:46)
If there is one message that echoes forth from this conference, let it be that human rights are women’s rights, and women’s rights are human rights, once and for all. And among those rights are the right to speak freely and the right to be heard. Women must enjoy the right to participate fully in the social and political lives of their countries if we want freedom and democracy to thrive and endure. It is indefensible that many women in nongovernmental organizations who wish to participate in this conference have not been able to attend or have been prohibited from fully taking part. Let me be clear, freedom means the right of people to assemble, organize, and debate openly. It means respecting the views of those who may disagree with the views of their governments. It means not taking citizens away from their loved ones and jailing them, mistreating them, or denying them their freedom or dignity because of the peaceful expression of their ideas and opinions.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (16:23)
In my country we recently celebrated the 75th anniversary of women’s suffrage. It took 150 years after the signing of our Declaration of Independence for women to win the right to vote. It took 72 years of organized struggle before that happened on the part of many courageous women and men. It was one of America’s most divisive philosophical wars, but it was a bloodless war. Suffrage was achieved without a shot being fired. But we have also been reminded in V-J Day observances last weekend of the good that comes when men and women join together to combat the forces of tyranny and to build a better world. We have seen peace prevail in most places for a half century. We have avoided another world war. But we have not solved older, deeply rooted problems that continue to diminish the potential of half the world’s population.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (17:35)
Now it is the time to act on behalf of women everywhere. If we take bold steps to better the lives of women, we will be taking bold steps to better the lives of children and families too. Families rely on mothers and wives for emotional support and care. Families rely on women for labor in the home. And increasingly everywhere, families rely on women for income needed to raise healthy children and care for other relatives. As long as discrimination and inequities remain so commonplace everywhere in the world, as long as girls and women are valued less, fed less, fed last, overworked, underpaid, not schooled, subjected to violence in and outside their homes, the potential of the human family to create a peaceful, prosperous world will not be realized.

Hillary Rodham Clinton: (18:41)
Let this conference be our, and the world’s, call to action. Let us heed that call so we can create a world in which every woman is treated with respect and dignity, every boy and girl is loved and cared for equally, and every family has the hope of a strong and stable future. That is the work before you. That is the work before all of us who have a vision of the world we want to see for our children and our grandchildren. The time is now. We must move beyond rhetoric. We must move beyond recognition of problems to working together to have the common efforts to build that common ground we hope to see. God’s blessings on you, your work, and all who will benefit from it. Godspeed, and thank you very much.


What was the purpose of Hillary Clinton's women's rights speech? ›

Its most prominent usage is as the name of a speech given by Hillary Rodham Clinton, the First Lady of the United States, on September 5, 1995, at the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. In this speech, she sought to closely link the notion of women's rights with that of human rights.

Is Hillary Clinton's speech Women's rights are human rights a primary or secondary source? ›

hilary clinton's speech, "women's rights are human rights": primary or secondary source? it is a secondary source about woman's rights, but primary source when talking about her beliefs.

Who first said women's rights are human rights? ›

Hillary Rodham Clinton's speech at a UN conference propelled this idea into the mainstream after centuries of society sidelining gender equality as “women's issues.”

What happened in 1995 women's rights? ›

In 1995, more than 40,000 women's rights activists and leaders convened at the Beijing Fourth World Conference on Women. Together, they set a goal to achieve the 'full participation on the basis of equality in all spheres of society, including participation in the decision-making process and access to power. '

Is a newspaper article a primary or secondary source? ›

Newspapers may be either primary or secondary. Most articles in newspapers are secondary, but reporters may be considered as witnesses to an event. Any topic on the media coverage of an event or phenomenon would treat newspapers as a primary source.

Why are academic essays and scientific reports usually good sources of information quizlet? ›

Why are academic essays and scientific reports usually good sources of information? They have been peer-reviewed. What does it mean not to take information at face value?

Is a witness statement a primary source? ›

A primary source is testimony or direct evidence in the form of anything from documents (diaries, interviews, footage, letters, minutes, official records), to creative works (music, poetry, art, video) to artifacts (tools, pottery, furniture).

Why is women's rights movement important? ›

The woman's suffrage movement is important because it resulted in passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which finally allowed women the right to vote.

Who fought for human rights? ›

Champions, Mahatma Gandhi, Cesar Chavez, Martin Luther King Jr. : Youth For Human Rights.

Why was the Human Rights created? ›

The UDHR was adopted by the newly established United Nations on 10 December 1948, in response to the “barbarous acts which […] outraged the conscience of mankind” during the Second World War. Its adoption recognised human rights to be the foundation for freedom, justice and peace.

What was the significance of the 1995 Beijing conference? ›

The Beijing conference built on political agreements reached at the three previous global conferences on women, and consolidated five decades of legal advances aimed at securing the equality of women with men in law and in practice.

What were the primary demands for action in the Beijing Conference in 1995? ›

The international community came to a consensus and agreed to a comprehensive blueprint of commitments supporting the full development of women and their equality with men in 12 areas of concern: (1) women and poverty; (2) education and training of women; (3) women and health; (4) violence against women; (5) women and ...

Who wrote women's rights? ›

Mary Wollstonecraft

Who is the intended audience of the primary source? ›

Primary sources provide

The target audience is other people in the same field that share the common terminology. Primary sources are important in that they are the original sources of new knowledge.

What are 3 examples of secondary sources? ›

Examples of Secondary Sources:

Textbooks, edited works, books and articles that interpret or review research works, histories, biographies, literary criticism and interpretation, reviews of law and legislation, political analyses and commentaries.

Is a speech a primary or secondary source? ›

Primary sources are materials directly related to a topic by time or participation. These materials include letters, speeches, diaries, newspaper articles from the time, oral history interviews, documents, photographs, artifacts, or anything else that provides firsthand accounts about a person or event.

What is the main outline called that helps a speaker prepare for their speech and includes the introduction main points with supporting evidence and conclusion? ›

The formal outline is a full-sentence outline that helps you prepare for your speech and includes the introduction and conclusion, the main content of the body, citation information written into the sentences of the outline, and a references page.

What do you need to know before you make a speech? ›

Preparing great speeches: A 10-step approach
  • Know your audience.
  • Know the occasion.
  • Select a topic.
  • Select a purpose.
  • Gather potential content.
  • Gather more content than actually used.
  • Organize content.
  • Phrase the speech.

What type of fallacy contains an argument that purports itself to be true because the majority of people believe it to be true? ›

Eleanor is guilty of using what in her speech? Also known at the bandwagon fallacy, this fallacy type contains an argument that purports itself to be true because the majority of people believe it to be true.

What is an example of a primary source in your own life? ›

Oral histories, newspaper or journal articles, and memoirs or autobiographies are examples of primary sources created after the event or time in question but offering first-hand accounts.

What are the 5 characteristics of primary sources? ›

Primary sources include historical and legal documents, eyewitness accounts, results of experiments, statistical data, pieces of creative writing, audio and video recordings, speeches, and art objects.

Is an eyewitness account a first-hand account? ›

A primary source is an original, "first-hand", or "eye-witness" account offering an inside view, containing contemporary information (new at the time it was created) that has not been interpreted, evaluated, paraphrased, or condensed.

Are women's rights human rights? ›

Women's rights are the fundamental human rights that were enshrined by the United Nations for every human being on the planet nearly 70 years ago. These rights include the right to live free from violence, slavery, and discrimination; to be educated; to own property; to vote; and to earn a fair and equal wage.

When did females get equal rights? ›

On March 22, 1972, the Equal Rights Amendment is passed by the U.S. Senate and sent to the states for ratification. First proposed by the National Woman's political party in 1923, the Equal Rights Amendment was to provide for the legal equality of the sexes and prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex.

Who fought for women's rights? ›

The National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) was formed by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in May of 1869 – they opposed the 15th amendment because it excluded women.

Who wrote women's rights? ›

Mary Wollstonecraft

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