Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (2022)

Once again, Banksy has stepped up, showing support for the Black Lives Matter movement, following the death of George Floyd in America. Banksy is as much political activist as he is artist. His latest work highlights racism, about which he has said in an accompanying statement: “At first I thought I should just shut up and listen to black people about this issue. But why would I do that? It’s not their problem, it’s mine”.

And Banksy’s not alone in using art as a powerful platform toprotest.

Over the last 100 years, artists have been outspoken protesters on issues from LGBTQ+ rights and feminism to equal-pay and anti-racism. Protest artwork can question, disturb and even change the status quo. Silence = death became Keith Haring’s slogan for AIDS awareness in the 80s. The Guerrilla Girls have fought for gallery representation of female artists. Ai Wei Wei speaks out against the Chinese government.

Today, protest art is coming back into fashion, and – in a social media, visually-rich world – it is more important than ever.

Let’s take a look at 11 famous protest art examples, from the 1920s to today.

Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (1)

Why is protest art important?

Before we look at 11 significant examples, let’s take a moment to understand the very nature of protest art. The 20th century philosopher Theodor Adorno famously wrote that “all art is an uncommitted crime”. What he meant was simply that by its very nature art challenges the status quo. Throughout history, artists have reacted against oppression, violence, injustice and inequalities. They have stood up for the voiceless and marginalised. Protest art challenges traditional boundaries, hierarchies and rules imposed by those in power. It’s an act of defiance. And it is hugely important as it can influence the thinking of the general public, as well as leaders and politicians. Often images speak louder than words. Art can make a message accessible and universal.

Right, time for 11 famous protest art examplesfor which some of the artists were arrested.

Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (2)

1. Dada & anti-war protest art

Who were the pioneers of protest art? It’s difficult to say exactly but the Dada artists were one of the first groups to become known for activist art. The movement began around 1916 as a reaction to World War I and the nationalism that many thought had led to the war. Around 30 artists, including Marcel Duchamp, Tristan Tzara, Hans Arp and Hannah Hoch, were intent on opposing bourgeois culture. They are best known for their use of readymades – everyday objects presented as art. Duchamp’s choice of a urinal challenged and offended even his fellow artists.

Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (3)
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2. Diego Rivera & mural protest art

Diego Rivera was one of the leaders of the Mexican Mural Movement of the 1920s. He created popular political murals throughout Mexico that included attacks on the ruling class, the church and capitalism. Instead, he promoted communism and socialism, and wanted to protect workers’ rights. Rivera deliberately painted large-scale murals on public walls (in opposition to what he regarded as the elitist character of paintings in galleries and museums). He claims to have been arrested for his protest art but no evidence exists for this.

Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (4)

3. American artists protest the Vietnam War

In 1965, as the Vietnam War escalated, American artists began to move away from abstraction and into a more direct commentary on the world. The war brought about a sudden shift toward representational, satirical and often cartoonish protest art attacking the war and elected officials. The war changed art, turning artists towards activism.

Yayoi Kusama may be celebrated these days for dots & pumpkins. But in the 1960s, at the height of the Vietnam War, she staged actions in New York, counteracting violence with activism in the form of naked body painting happenings and orgiastic love-ins. Her firstAnatomic Explosionfeaturing naked dancers took place on 15 October 1968 opposite the New York Stock Exchange, and was prefaced by a press release that stated, ‘The money made with this stock is enabling the war to continue. We protest this cruel, greedy instrument of the warestablishment.’

Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (5)

4. Jacob Lawrence protests racial inequality

Jacob Lawrence grew up in Harlem during the Depression and he became an important commentator on the experiences and afflictions endured by African Americans. He aligned himself with the American school of social realism and Mexican muralist tradition to protest racial inequality. In his massive 60-piece painting collection called ‘The Migration Series’ he depicted the turmoil and moments of violence during the Great Migration. Sometimes referred to as the Black Migration, it was the movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1916 and 1970. The migration took place after Jim Crow threatened their lives, and equalities in the south. It stood as a powerful protest against the oppression of African American people.

Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (6)

5. Keith Haring & AIDS activism

Although he died in 1990, Keith Haring’s art activism lives on. His pop art-style makes his messages accessible. Today, there are Haring T-shirts, Haring hats, Haring shoes, Haring baseball hats and badges. During the 1980s, he made art which addressed socially important issues. His specially designed posters were given out at anti-nuclear and anti-apartheid rallies. He also campaigned for AIDS awareness, through his famous slogan Silence = Death. Haring’s art forced people to talk about AIDS.

“Art is nothing if you don’t reach every segment of the people” – Keith Haring.

Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (7)
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6. Paula Rego & abortion rights

In 1998 Portuguese born artist Paula Rego created a series of work entitled Untitled. The Abortion Pastels. Rego created her work in response to a referendum to legalise abortion in Portugal, which was very narrowly defeated. Each canvas depicted the image of a woman undergoing an unsafe abortion. When the series was exhibited in the Portuguese capital, Lisbon, Rego recalled the whispered secrets of women in the gallery while looking at her artworks. In turn, after being exhibited, her work is stated to have been integral in changing public opinion. It’s a powerful example of feminist protest art impacting on local and national views.

“It highlights the fear and pain and danger of an illegal abortion, which is what desperate women have always resorted to. It’s very wrong to criminalise women on top of everything else. Making abortions illegal is forcing women to the backstreet solution. I’m doing what I can with my work but both men and women need to stand up to this. It affects men too. You don’t get pregnant on your own do you?” – Paula Rego.

Abortion laws in Portugal were liberalised to a greater extent on April 10, 2007.

Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (8)

7. Guerilla Girls & feminism

In 1985, the Guerrilla Girls sprung to action as anonymous, gorilla mask-wearing protesters. Known for their feminist protest art, they have fought the lack of recognition and inclusion for women in the art world. Today, the group still protests, speaks, and performs publicly, in art institutions and private galleries. Their concealed identities help to protect the members from ruining their primary careers as artists; instead they use pseudonyms of dead female artists. They are most well-known for clever and humorous posters, bill boards, flyers and books which criticise large publicly funded institutions and private galleries for their lack of pay, and inclusion for marginalised artists.

8. Ai Wei Wei & political protest art

Ai Wei Weu is one of the most famous protest artists today. His work is deeply political and critical of China’s communist party. Whether it’s covering the floor of the Tate Modern with 150 tons of porcelain sunflower seeds or photographing himself flipping-off Mao’s mural on the walls of the Forbidden City, Ai’s work has drawn intense criticism from the Chinese state.

In 2011 he was arrested and imprisonedby the Chinese Government for 81 days. The alleged crime was ‘economic crimes’but the artist’s family, human rights activists, and other supporters have longsaid his arrest was politically motivated, because of his criticism ofgovernment authoritarianism and censorship. Even after he was released, Chineseauthorities retained his passport and forbid him from leaving Beijing, placinghim on modified house arrest for 4 years.

“I believe the core value of an artist must be to express yourself freely and fight for the freedom of others” – Ai Wei Wei.

Most recently, he has stood up for anti-government demonstrations in Hong Kong. He has a team filming a documentary about the Hong Kong protests on university campuses and says these protests will influence an opera he is working on. He has called out worldwide leaders’ silence in the face of these troubling times for Hong Kong.

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Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (9)

9. Nan Goldin protests drug money

Last month art photographer, Nan Goldin, led a ‘die-in’ at London’s V & A Museum. The action was part of her campaign to stop British and American cultural organisations accepting donations and sponsorship from the Sackler Trust – who are the family behind the pharmaceutical company that made the addictive opioid painkiller OxyContin.

About 30 protesters placed bottles ofpills and “Oxy dollar” bills stained red on the museum’s floor. Demonstratorsthen staged a “die-in”, lying down for five minutes to represent the 400,000worldwide deaths they blame on drug dependency, and the five people a day theyclaim die in this country due to prescription drug addiction.

Earlier this year, Nan Goldin wasarrested for disorderly conduct while protesting outside of New York GovernorAndrew Cuomo’s office building in Manhattan along with a dozen other activistmembers of P.A.I.N., the group Goldin founded to hold the Sackler familyaccountable for its role in the opioid crisis.

The protesters carried signs reading“Governor, while you wait New Yorkers die” and chanting “Cuomo lies, peopledie!”

She’s one of many protest artists today who receive international attention, and use their status to campaign for important causes.

Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (10)

10. Void One attacks government cuts

Graffiti art is particularly viewed as a powerful form of social protest, and the (illegal) act of defacing can be as important as the message itself. Artist Void One has been arrested on numerous occasions for his politically-charged interventions.

“I didn’t set out to make political art but art is a platform where I can vent my frustrations” – Void One.

He is best known for his ‘Fit for work’ campaign, which appeared at 5 job centres in the UK in 2018. It came about because his friend and mum were struggling through the Universal credit system.

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“I see people suffering and their health getting worse, when it’s solvable. It’s a form of eugenics. 43% of disability claimants attempt suicide a year. I want to get that into the national conscience”, he explains.

His art protest consisted of the following: he turned the entrance to 5 job centres into murder scenes, painting the outline of a body surrounded by blood. In bright red paint ‘fit for work’ was scrawled across the job centres’ windows, walls and doors.

He was arrested for hitting the head office of the Department for Work and Pensions – with his protest artworks – at Christmas last year.

Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (11)

11. Kara Walker & anti-empire protest art

At times, protest art can become an accepted part of the art establishment and canon of art history. American artist Kara Walker was recently commissioned to create the Turbine Hall commission for Tate Modern in London. ‘Fons Americanus’ is a 13-metre high soaring fountain that rises from two oval basins filled with water. Its form is inspired by the Victoria Memorial near Buckingham Palace but it is more a critique of colonialism than a celebration of it. It’s a monumental rebuke to the evils of the British Empire. And it’s right in the heart of London. In one of Britain’s most prestigious and poplar galleries. And Tate has obvious connections to slavery – in British colonies in the Caribbean, enslaved people produced sugar. Yes – the sugar industry was built on slavery and empire.

You can read Tate’s statement, which makes for an interesting read, here: www.tate.org.uk/about-us/history-tate/tate-galleries-and-slavery

Activist artists | 11 famous protest art examples | Ruth Millington (12)

Want to read more on the topic of protest art?

If there’s one book I recommend on the topic of famous protest art examples, it’s ‘The Art of Protest’byJoanne Ripponand Anish Kapoor. It showcases more than 100 artworks which cover campaigns from women’s liberation and the civil rights movement to climate change and Black Lives Matter.

Ruth x

FAQs

What are some art forms that have been used for activism? ›

Categorizing Activist Art
  • The art of people in protest. Homemade protest signs/banners. Graffiti.
  • Artists in protest. The posters of a movement or group. Performance art. ...
  • “Fine arts” reflections on the times. More traditional works of art fighting against or making a commentary on the ruling class/constraints of the day.
16 Jun 2020

How is Banksy a political activist? ›

Banksy has used art as a weapon against war throughout his entire career and is one of the most politically active artists working today. Known for his unapologetic criticism of today's political, military and financial establishments, Banksy expresses this through his iconic, but ever-pertinent imagery.

How has art been used to protest? ›

Protest art acts as an important tool to form social consciousness, create networks, operate accessibly, and be cost-effective. Social movements produce such works as the signs, banners, posters, and other printed materials used to convey a particular cause or message.

What is an art activist? ›

Artistic Activism is a dynamic practice combining the creative power of the arts to move us emotionally with the strategic planning of activism necessary to bring about social change.

What is social protest in art? ›

What is Protest Art? Protest art is used by activists and social movements to bring awareness of injustices. Protest art consists of ephemera that ranges from posters, signs, banners and other printed materials. It can also include performance, site-specific installations, graffiti and street art.

Why is Banksy an activist? ›

Since his beginnings as a street artist in Bristol, Banksy has used his art and images to spotlight injustice and unrest. Since his beginnings as a street artist in Bristol, Banksy has used his art and images to spotlight injustice and unrest.

What does balloon girl represent? ›

The artwork is a symbol of hope

Some people interpret Girl With Balloon as a symbol of lost innocence, whilst others believe the girl is setting the balloon free – either way, Banksy is reminding the viewer to hold on to hope, even when it feels out of reach.

What is Banksy's real name? ›

Banksy is commonly believed to be Robin Gunningham, as first identified by The Mail on Sunday in 2008, born on 28 July 1973 in Yate, 12 miles (19 km) from Bristol.

When did art began protesting war? ›

During the 1960s and 1970s, many creatives that can be seen as protest artists visibly opposed the Vietnam War including Ronald Haeberle, Peter Saul, Carl Andre, Norman Carlberg and Nancy Spero and produced artworks that raised awareness and called for the responsibility.

How was Keith Haring an activist? ›

Haring created his mural to serve as a warning against the drug. This piece is an example of Haring's powerful presence as a social activist. In 1988, Haring was diagnosed with AIDS. Among the AIDS crisis and his new diagnosis, Haring's work focused on bringing awareness to the LGBT community.

How does art connect to activism? ›

Art has social relevance and is effective as a means of activism. Current social and environmental crises make art-based activism especially relevant today. There are problems with prevailing views on art, which prevent many artists from seeing themselves as agents of change.

What is protest art called? ›

Activist art is a term used to describe art that is grounded in the act of 'doing' and addresses political or social issues.

Why is art important in protest? ›

Protest art acts as an important tool to form social consciousness, create networks, operate accessibly, and be cost-effective. Social movements produce such works as the signs, banners, posters, and other printed materials used to convey a particular cause or message.

Why is art good for activism? ›

Artwork offers a visual language that doesn't know any borders.” Art and activism are both built on exposing the truth. Art in particular has the ability to convey powerful messages across the linguistic and cultural barriers that so often divide us.

Who is one of the world's most famous activist artists? ›

Keith Haring & AIDS activism

During the 1980s, he made art which addressed socially important issues. His specially designed posters were given out at anti-nuclear and anti-apartheid rallies. He also campaigned for AIDS awareness, through his famous slogan Silence = Death. Haring's art forced people to talk about AIDS.

Who is the most important artist of protest music? ›

Bob Dylan – The Times They Are A-Changin' (1964)

This is arguably one of the most famous 1960s protest songs.

Is ignorance fear a painting? ›

Ignorance = Fear - Keith Haring - Pop Art Painting by Keith Haring | Buy Posters, Frames, Canvas & Digital Art Prints | Small, Compact, Medium and Large Variants. Political activism pulsed through Keith Haring's bright, brief career. He made posters and marched for nuclear disarmament and against apartheid.

Who is Antipas Delotavo? ›

Antipas Delotavo is a Filipino Asian Modern & Contemporary painter who was born in 1954. Numerous key galleries and museums such as Ateneo Art Gallery have featured Antipas Delotavo's work in the past.

How does art help social movements? ›

These functions are to: encourage social change; empower and deepen commitment; inform larger society about social issues, harmonize social activists within the movement; inform internally to express or reinforce values and ideas; inform externally as a more effective way to communicate movement ideals to people ...

What does Banksy stand for? ›

Banksy is just a pseudonym for the 39-year-old artist who is believed to be born in Bristol, United Kingdom, although his real name is still unknown. The word “banksy” means a form of street graffiti that is done by using stencils, which is a fast and easy way to paint a picture on a wall.

What does Banksy's art represent? ›

Philanthropist, anti-war and revolutionary, he takes his art as a means of communication to loudly proclaim his dissatisfaction with certain aspects of society, certain political situations or even certain decisions taken by world leaders.

How has Banksy impacted the world? ›

Without Banksy, other urban artists might have sold their pieces and might have had their work make it to galleries, but his movement brought rapid attention to street art, thus heightening the success of other artists in street art media. Banksy created a new brainwave of artistic creation.

What does a red balloon tattoo mean? ›

Banksy Balloon Tattoo

The famous Banksy art with the little girl letting go of the red balloon has been known to symbolize a few things. It might represent the loss of innocence of the little girl in the picture or the loss of innocence of all children in the world.

Is balloon girl still there? ›

The locations for this work include Waterloo Bridge as well as other sites around London, though none still remain. A 2004 version of the mural was at an east London shop in Shoreditch, sold in 2007 for £37,200 at Sotheby's, and was removed by the Sincura Group in 2014 and sold for £500,000 in September 19, 2015.

How much did Balloon Girl sell for? ›

On Thursday, three years after Banksy's act of destructive creation, the anonymous buyer put up for auction “Girl With Balloon,” or rather, its successor — the retitled “Love Is in the Bin.” After nine bidders battled for 10 minutes, the semi-shredded artwork sold for $25.4 million.

How much money is Banksy worth? ›

What is Banksy worth? Due to little being known about Banksy's identity, estimates of his net worth are speculative, with the unverified website celebritynetworth.com placing it at roughly £50 million.

Does Banksy get paid? ›

Though Banksy's artworks sell for millions of dollars in the secondary market, the pseudonymous artist continues to maintain his anti-elitist rhetoric by selling his work under the market value. Despite the artist's anonymity, he earns a substantial income from the art he sells directly.

Why did Banksy start graffiti? ›

Banksy began his graffiti career by admiring the works of Blek Le Rat. He often recycled the artist's old ideas, moulding his own distinctive voice and style as he went. Initially, he was part of a graffiti crew in Bristol by the name of DryBreadZ Crew or DBZ.

What is protest movement? ›

1. Punctual political actions that may or not involve social movements and may take different forms, such as strikes, uprisings, riots, boycotts, sit-ins and demonstrations.

How did art affect the Vietnam war? ›

The shock of Vietnam made conventional art forms such as painting and sculpture look inadequate. Its reverberations inspired a rapid expansion of the possible forms art could take and a search for new audiences. Public performances, video, installations, land art and agitprop all flourished during the war.

Where can I watch the art of protest? ›

Watch The Art of Protest | Prime Video.

What is Keith Haring famous for? ›

Keith Haring was born in 1958, in Pennsylvania, USA. He loved drawing cartoons and visiting museums. Here he is travelling on the subway. Keith Haring is known for colourful, cartoon artworks and certain characters such as crawling babies, barking dogs and spaceships.

What was Keith Harings famous phrase? ›

1. “Art should be something that liberates your soul, provokes the imagination and encourages people to go further.”

What does Keith Haring's art mean? ›

Haring's dancing figures clearly evoke fun, joy, energy and community, and can also be considered a reflection of the artist's love of hip hop, which was emerging in New York City around the same time his art rose to prominence. He would often listen to rap while painting, and was inspired by its movement and energy.

What is creative activism? ›

Creative activism can now be defined as a kind of meta activism that facilitates the engagement of active citizens in temporary, strategically manufactured, transformative interventions in order to change society for the better by communicating conflicts and/or solutions where no one else can or will in order to ...

What art was popular in the 90s? ›

What were the best known art movements in the 1990s? Culture jamming was a well known movement of the 1990s as was graffiti art. Transgressive art, or art that used shocking images as social critique was also popular. The AIDS quilt is an example of activist art that was popular at the time.

How many types of art do we have? ›

The seven different art forms are Painting, Sculpture, Literature, Architecture, Theater, Film, and Music.

How does art connect to activism? ›

Art has social relevance and is effective as a means of activism. Current social and environmental crises make art-based activism especially relevant today. There are problems with prevailing views on art, which prevent many artists from seeing themselves as agents of change.

Why is Banksy an activist? ›

Since his beginnings as a street artist in Bristol, Banksy has used his art and images to spotlight injustice and unrest. Since his beginnings as a street artist in Bristol, Banksy has used his art and images to spotlight injustice and unrest.

How does art intersect with activism? ›

More recently, activists have turned to the arts for inspiration and as a way to engage audiences through deep and emotional connections in order to bring about change. At the same time, more artists are imbuing their work with social and political messaging to advance the issues they feel most passionate about.

Who is one of the world's most famous activist artists? ›

Keith Haring & AIDS activism

During the 1980s, he made art which addressed socially important issues. His specially designed posters were given out at anti-nuclear and anti-apartheid rallies. He also campaigned for AIDS awareness, through his famous slogan Silence = Death. Haring's art forced people to talk about AIDS.

What is creative activism? ›

Creative activism can now be defined as a kind of meta activism that facilitates the engagement of active citizens in temporary, strategically manufactured, transformative interventions in order to change society for the better by communicating conflicts and/or solutions where no one else can or will in order to ...

Is activist art effective? ›

Highlights. Artistic activism (artivism) contributes to organizational strategies of the movement. Artivism expands the demographics of the movements and promotes inclusiveness. Education, social cohesion and expression of ideas are main effects of artivism.

What art was popular in the 90s? ›

What were the best known art movements in the 1990s? Culture jamming was a well known movement of the 1990s as was graffiti art. Transgressive art, or art that used shocking images as social critique was also popular. The AIDS quilt is an example of activist art that was popular at the time.

What does balloon girl represent? ›

The artwork is a symbol of hope

Some people interpret Girl With Balloon as a symbol of lost innocence, whilst others believe the girl is setting the balloon free – either way, Banksy is reminding the viewer to hold on to hope, even when it feels out of reach.

What is Banksy's real name? ›

Banksy is commonly believed to be Robin Gunningham, as first identified by The Mail on Sunday in 2008, born on 28 July 1973 in Yate, 12 miles (19 km) from Bristol.

What does Banksy stand for? ›

Banksy is just a pseudonym for the 39-year-old artist who is believed to be born in Bristol, United Kingdom, although his real name is still unknown. The word “banksy” means a form of street graffiti that is done by using stencils, which is a fast and easy way to paint a picture on a wall.

Why is art important in activism? ›

Art and activism are both built on exposing the truth. Art in particular has the ability to convey powerful messages across the linguistic and cultural barriers that so often divide us. Tapping into emotion, Aaron says, is central to achieving this. “Regardless of what language they speak, people can feel the emotion.

Is art a good form of protest? ›

Protest art acts as an important tool to form social consciousness, create networks, operate accessibly, and be cost-effective. Social movements produce such works as the signs, banners, posters, and other printed materials used to convey a particular cause or message.

How is art used in social justice? ›

Art has been used as a means to record history, shape culture, cultivate imagination, and harness individual and social transformation. It can not only be a means to generate awareness, but it can also be a catalyst to engage community members to take action around a social issue.

Who is a famous activist? ›

CLEAR ALL FILTERS
  • Mahatma Gandhi. Indian leader. ...
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. American religious leader and civil-rights activist. ...
  • Malcolm X. American Muslim leader. ...
  • Nelson Mandela. president of South Africa. ...
  • E.P. Thompson. British historian. ...
  • Ai Weiwei. Chinese activist and artist. ...
  • Malala Yousafzai. Pakistani activist. ...
  • Michael Steele.

What is an example of an activist? ›

The definition of an activist is someone who works to support a cause. An example of an activist is someone who hands out pamphlets about environmental issues, reduces the amount of water, electric and gas that he/she uses and makes powerful speeches about the ways in which people need to take care of the environment.

What are examples of activism? ›

5 Types of Activism
  • Demonstrations and protests. Demonstrations are arguably the best-known type of activism. ...
  • Boycotts. Boycotts are designed to economically impact a “target,” like a business that's engaging in exploitative practices. ...
  • Strikes. ...
  • Letter-writing and petitions. ...
  • Social media campaigns.

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(SustainableScoop)
2. Modern Writers of the Edwardian Period (1901-1910) for UGC NET English with this Shortcut Trick
(Channel 2 Education, Research & Entertainment)
3. Technologies of Disability | 'Disfigurement: A Cultural Anatomy' presented by Suzannah Biernoff
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