A Red Flag on International Women’s Day: Women Land and Rights Defenders Facing Violence (2022)

A Red Flag on International Women’s Day: Women Land and Rights Defenders Facing Violence (1)

At a critical time when protecting and defending water, climate, and forests could not be more urgent — a tragic rise in threats, attacks and murders of those standing up to protect the Earth and human rights has been documented in countries around the world.

On the occasion of International Women’s Day, the Women’s Earth and Climate Action Network (WECAN) International spoke with Alice Harrison of Global Witness and María San Martín of Frontline Defenders, to explore how women land and women human rights defenders (WHRD’s) in particular are being impacted by the increase in violence against those speaking out in opposition to the environmental devastation and social violations being wrought by extractive industries.

As the interviews detail, while women are often the backbone and visionaries of movements to protect the rights of people and planet — they are also challenged with an additional burden of risks and dangers as compared to their male counterparts — as they experience the intersection of ecological destruction and cultural displacement, as well as sexual violence and gender-based persecution.

Patricia Gualinga, a Kichwa leader from Sarayaku, Ecuador who is fighting to stop continued oil extraction in the Amazon Rainforest, recently experienced an attack on her home and received death threats. In a statement released after the assault she explained with the fierce resolve characteristic of many women defenders,

“If the intent to attack and threaten me was to instill fear to paralyze me, it failed. Following this incident, I am more motivated than ever to stand strong and work to defend the rights and territories of Sarayaku and all of the Amazon threatened by extraction. ”

While the signing of a legally binding pact protecting environmental defenders by officials from twenty-four Latin American and Caribbean countries this week (two years after the murder of Indigenous woman leader, Berta Cáceres) is a promising step forward indicative of the power of people’s movements demanding justice — intensive work is still needed to bring an end to impunity by corporations and governments.

On International Women’s Day and everyday — the call to action is out. We must deepen our understanding, and strengthen our resolve to stand in solidarity with the remarkably courageous and dedicated frontline women who continue their vital work despite violent threats and assaults. We must all defend the defenders.

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A Red Flag on International Women’s Day: Women Land and Rights Defenders Facing Violence (2)

Alice Harrison is a Senior Campaigner, and former Director of Communications at Global Witness, working to investigate and expose how natural resource wealth fuels conflict, corruption and crime.

María San Martín is the Human Rights Defender (HRD) Visibility Coordinator for Front Line Defenders, working to research and consult with HRDs regarding the use of visibility as a security and protection strategy — and develop collaborative efforts and campaigns to publicize the situation faced by HRDs, and thus expand their networks of support.

In the context of accelerating violence and criminalization against community and land rights defenders, how are women defenders being affected?

[Alice Harrison] — In recent years, Global Witness has documented a dramatic upturn in the murder of people who take a stand against companies that grab land and destroy the environment. Killings are just the sharp end of a range of abuses faced by defenders, including physical attacks, harassment, lawsuits and threats. In many of the countries that are hardest-hit, women face a whole extra set of risks simply because they are women.

A number of these came to light in a recent investigation we did in Honduras, which over the last decade has been the deadliest country in the world to be a land or environmental defender. Berta Cáceres, a mother of four and one of Honduras’ most prominent activists, was famously gunned down in her home because of her opposition to a dam being built on her community’s land. She had previously been threatened with sexual violence.

An international human rights observer assigned to protect a woman named Concepción Gutiérrez, who had received death threats for refusing to sell her land, was sexually harassed by armed men. Our report also told the story of Indigenous activists Ana Miriam and Rosaura, who opposed a local hydroelectric project and were hospitalised following a brutal police raid on their home. Both women were pregnant at the time. Rosaura lost her baby as a result.

With the theft of their land, or environmental damage caused by industries like mining, agribusiness or logging, it’s harder for women to grow food or access clean water, and the work that they’re already expected to do to support their families and communities increases. A lot of female activists are pushed into activism for exactly that reason, out of sheer desperation.

The increased exposure that comes with activism pits these women against deep-seated social and cultural norms that expect them to play a passive role in overwhelmingly patriarchal societies, and all of the risks that come with challenging those norms. Female land or environmental defenders who we have met have become victims of smear campaigns that attempt to ruin their reputation as ‘good women’ in an effort to ostracise them from their communities and discredit their activism.

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[María San Martín] — In our experience, I think it is very clear, although maybe not so visible, that women remain at the frontline of land and environmental defense. In some cases the male leaders are targeted first, since in many organisations and communities the may take up the visible leadership or spokesperson role. However, in these cases when male HRDs have been attacked, women are maintaining the struggle and resistance and are being increasingly targeted.

At the community level for land and environmental struggles, what we have seen is that the livelihoods of both women and male defenders are threatened as a means to put pressure over them, and this is affecting women the most, as they often hold responsibility for the family and for other members of the community.

The Meso-American Initiative of Women Human Rights Defenders has done great work to analyze these trends and give evidence on them, and they explain that women HRDs suffer the same attacks in a different way, and they also experience other attacks that affect them in different spheres as compared to the attacks that male HRD’s are experiencing. For example, they have gathered a lot of evidence on how attacks against WHRDs originate from historical gender discrimination and discrimination against women.

It is very common that WHRDs face intimidation and threats that also have gendered component, such as sexist insults, threats of a sexual nature, threats of sexual violence, or threats that involve family members or children. Women also regularly face smears or defamation attacks that use gender stereotypes, for example questioning their leadership capacity, or smearing them with reference to their sexual conduct or lack of attention to family responsibilities, which of course are much more associated with women HRDs than men.

Indigenous women in particular may be more isolated, or have less access to international protection mechanisms, resources, and networks of support, so it is very important that we put in place measures to address this and make sure that they do get access to protection.

A Red Flag on International Women’s Day: Women Land and Rights Defenders Facing Violence (3)

What is the relationship between the suppression of women’s rights and violence against women environmental defenders?

[María San Martín] — The Meso-American Initiative highlights how, for women HRD’s, it is not only the burden of the threats and the attacks that they face — but that for them, there are also all of the obstacles that come from the social status of women, and how that is translated into really long hours of work; how many of them are not paid for their human rights work; how they don’t have any social protections over the work that they do.

They are overburdened with family and care and household obligations, and sometimes they are facing violence and stigma and pressure at the family level, and even amongst their movements and their communities, because they are women who are trying to participate publicly and politically, and that may not be respected by the traditions in certain places.

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Many are trying to highlight how all of this is an additional burden to women’s rights and public and political participation, and is having strong consequences on their emotional and physical wellbeing.

What are central demands and points of action and accountability from policymakers?

[Alice Harrison] — Keeping land and environmental defenders safe requires action on the part of a range of actors — to prevent attacks, protect defenders at risk, and react when threats occur.

The only effective prevention in the long-term requires tackling the root causes of violence. A big one is corruption. Corruption can mean that instead of channelling profits from the sale of land and natural resources into state treasuries, corrupt elites use them to shore up power and fund their lavish lifestyles, at the expense of the poor and disenfranchised. This provides massive incentives to countries’ leaders to silence defenders and shut down their activism.

When state institutions like the police and judiciary are corrupted too, the victims of land grabbing have little hope for justice. In a corruption-free world, those responsible for attacks on defenders would be prosecuted, and those who failed to support and protect them would face political, financial and judicial consequences.

Another driving force behind this violence is the failure to consult communities on what happens to their land. When communities have this taken from them without their permission or even knowledge, they’re given little choice but to take a stand — they become activists.

The alternative is to make communities active partners in the design of projects from the very beginning. Communities who are likely to be impacted by a project should be consulted on its potential impacts, be given all of the information they need to make informed decisions, and given the option of vetoing a project.

[María San Martín] — In terms of both the policies of authorities and government officials, and also for everyone, such as NGO’s, who are trying to support human rights defenders and environmental leaders, it is very important to have a gendered perspective for the protection work that we are doing, and address how we might be failing to implement a gendered perspective in our programs, advocacy and visibility actions. The gendered perspective will help both in the identification of threats and the creation of protection measures, and this has important and practical implications.

Another important element for policy and advocacy is attention to the collective sphere of protection, and how protection needs to be constructed taking into account the context at the local level. Protection needs to be grounded in the places where women HRD’s are developing their work in order to be effective. They need to take into account the most personal spheres, like the family and the places where women are working, as sometimes the visibility approaches of international organizations have lead to the alienation of women from their local context, and have not taken into account the collective and the work that has been constructed around rights within whole communities.

Visibility itself is very important, since social recognition of the role of women defenders does in the end bring more capacity for political participation, access to decision making and more effective advocacy. So this is another element which needs to be enhanced, because a lot of the narratives are undermining and defaming WHRDs, again often using gender stereotypes and other stereotypes and traditional modes of discrimination including race and social class.

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All of the narratives that are against the legitimacy and participation of WHRD’s need to be addressed through the construction of alternative narratives, which recognize women and their work.

Many organizations and women defenders have also highlighted the importance of supporting and enhancing the capacities of networks of support between and for women defenders themselves, which can save lives, can empower with a huge impact, and can protect women so that they can continue their work.

Another element which has been brought to attention a lot recently is the need for support of work around self-care and wellness and stress management. These elements may not have been typical in more traditional security measures, but can help address the huge stress and difficulties women HRD’s face in developing their work. Having a preventative approach through attention to wellbeing can be really effective in supporting women and their work.

What are key strategies and points of action for those seeking to support women land and human rights defenders facing risks of violence and criminalization?

[María San Martín] — We all must voice the need and demand for application of a gendered perspective at all levels — and we need to understand WHRD’s in their local context, with their families and in their communities, and to try and divert support in that way through protection mechanisms grounded at the local level.

We also need to echo their own voices and their own stories. We can help to build the alternative narratives that are really showing what women are doing and why, and how they are trying to construct, both socially and economically, other ways of living.

We have the capacity to add to these narratives, and to help them become more visible and more present in this whole story of the environment, of gender relationships, and of the type of development we want in our communities, and in the world.

** This analysis and interviews were compiled by Osprey Orielle Lake, Founder and Executive Director of the Women’s Earth and Climate Action Network (WECAN) International, and Emily Arasim, WECAN Communications Coordinator.

Follow @WECAN_INTL — www.wecaninternational.org

FAQs

What is the National women's Day theme for 2022? ›

We will celebrate this year's Women Month under the theme: “Women's Socio-Economic Rights and Empowerment: Building Back Better for Women's Improved Resilience”. The concept of Generation Equality is a global campaign and links South Africa to global efforts to achieve gender equality by 2030.

What is the link between the rights of women and International women's Day? ›

8 March is International Women's Day - devoted to celebrating the achievements of women and seeking gender equality. The theme this year is #BreaktheBias - and campaigners are urging people to call out gender stereotyping and discrimination when they see it.

How can women protect rights? ›

Here are eight different ways you can help us support women's movements across the globe and ensure the rights of all women are respected, valued and realised.
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16 Apr 2019

Why do we need International women's Day? ›

International Women's Day is a global day celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women. The day also marks a call to action for accelerating gender parity.

Who first started women's day? ›

During the International Women's Year in 1975, the United Nations first celebrated International Women's Day. Two years later, in 1977, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution proclaiming a United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace.

What is the best message for Women's day? ›

Wishing a very happy Woman's Day to strong, intelligent, talented and simply wonderful women of this world! Don't you ever forget that you are loved and appreciated. To the woman of my dream: you fill my days with happiness and my world with love! It's crazy that women still have to fight for their rights.

What is the meaning of women's day? ›

International Women's Day is a day to acknowledge and honor women around the world for the contributions we make each day to society.

What happened on women's day? ›

Women's Day in South Africa commemorates a significant day in our history. Sixty-six years ago, on this day, 20 000 women marched to the Union Buildings to protest against Pass Laws that had been extended. These laws were created to control the movement of women of colour during Apartheid.

When was the first International women's day? ›

On March 19, 1911 (the 40th anniversary of the Paris Commune, a radical socialist government that briefly ruled France in 1871), the first International Woman's Day was held, drawing more than 1 million people to rallies worldwide.

How can we stop violence against women? ›

Take action: 10 ways you can help end violence against women, even during a pandemic
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17 Nov 2020

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Six women's issues explained with emojis
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17 Jul 2020

What is the main role of a woman in our society? ›

Women are the primary caretakers of children and elders in every country of the world. International studies demonstrate that when the economy and political organization of a society change, women take the lead in helping the family adjust to new realities and challenges.

What is the Colour of women's day 2022? ›

Today, purple is the colour of International Women's Day, and combined with green represents the feminist movement.

Is there a man day? ›

International Men's Day is celebrated annually on November 19. Its counterpart, International Women's Day, is celebrated on March 8.

What color do you wear on International women's day? ›

Moreover, the National Women's Party in the US also suggests wearing purple on International Women's Day since, “Purple is the colour of loyalty, constancy to purpose, unswerving steadfastness to a cause.” In a nutshell, the colour symbolises achievements gained and achievements yet to come.

Why 8 of March is women's day? ›

Early development in the USSR and other communist nations

On March 8, 1917, in Petrograd (February 23, 1917, on the Julian calendar), women textile workers began a demonstration that eventually engulfed the whole city, demanding "Bread and Peace"—an end to World War I, to food shortages, and to czarism.

Why is International women's day Purple? ›

The colours originated from the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) in the United Kingdom in 1908. The Purple signifies justice and dignity; green symbolises hope; white represents purity. The WSPU was a militant wing of the British suffrage movement and was founded in Manchester in 1903 by Emmeline Pankhurst.

What is the color for Women's history Month? ›

“Internationally, purple is a color for symbolizing women. Historically the combination of purple, green and white to symbolize women's equality originated from the Women's Social and Political Union in the UK in 1908. Purple signifies justice and dignity. Green symbolizes hope.

What is a strong woman quote? ›

A strong woman knows she has strength enough for the journey, but a woman of strength knows it is in the journey where she will become strong.” “I'd rather regret the risks that didn't work out than the chances I didn't take at all.” "You must love and care for yourself because that's when the best comes out.”

How do you say happy women's day? ›

Happy Women's Day! Thank you for being the woman you are. I could not imagine the world without you! "You are truly an inspiration for many of us to always work hard towards your goals" Wishing a very Happy Women's Day to you.

What is the slogan for women's day 2022? ›

The theme for International Women's Day, 8 March, 2022 (IWD 2022) is, “Gender equality today for a sustainable tomorrow”, recognizing the contribution of women and girls around the world, who are leading the charge on climate change adaptation, mitigation, and response, to build a more sustainable future for all.

How can you make a woman happy? ›

15 Effective Ways to Keep a Woman Happy
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18 May 2022

Did you know facts about International women's day? ›

1. International Women's Day (IWD) was born on March 8, 1908 when 15,000 women marched through the streets of New York City to demand shorter hours, better pay, and the right to vote. The first IWD event wasn't held until 1911, and only then in Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland.

What was International women's day originally called? ›

International Women's Day (IWD), originally called International Working Women's Day is marked on the 8th of March every year. It is a major day of global celebration for the economic, political and social achievements of women.

Why do we celebrate? ›

Celebration is an ancient ritual. It gives us a way to feel good about ourselves, and our accomplishments. When we celebrate we are reinforcing something important to us. Without it we simply maintain the status quo and candidly have a lot less fun.

What is the purpose of women's month? ›

South Africa commemorates Women's Month in August as a tribute to the more than 20 000 women who marched to the Union Buildings on 9 August 1956 in protest against the extension of Pass Laws to women. The Government of South Africa declared August women's month and 9 August is celebrated annually as Women's Day.

How many women's days are there in a year? ›

International Women's Day Observances
YearWeekdayDate
2017WedMar 8
2018ThuMar 8
2019FriMar 8
2020SunMar 8
7 more rows

How long is women's day celebrated? ›

1975: International Women's Day was celebrated for the first time by the United Nations in 1975. 2015: Empowering women, empowering humanity: Picture it!

Which countries celebrate Womens day? ›

International Women's Day is an official holiday in many countries including Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, China (for women only), Cuba, Georgia, Guinea-Bissau, Eritrea, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Madagascar (for women only), Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Nepal, Russia, ...

Why is it important to stop violence? ›

Violence has enormous health and social consequences. Violence results in many deaths every day, particularly among young men and boys. Beyond these deaths, many more men, women, boys and girls suffer from injuries, disability and ill-health as the result of violence.

What are the main causes of gender violence? ›

What causes gender-based violence?
  • Cultural factors.
  • Legal factors.
  • Economic factors.
  • Political factors.

When did violence against women start? ›

It was initially signed into law in September 1994 by U.S. Pres. Bill Clinton. Besides changing statutes, the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) was notable for calling attention to the issues of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking. The VAWA was reauthorized in 2000, 2005, and 2013.

What is the biggest issue in women's rights? ›

The biggest challenge facing women in the United States today is patriarchy. This is especially evident in the realm of politics. Regardless of a woman's experience, education or abilities, the patriarchal nature of U.S. society fosters the perception that women are less qualified and less competent than men.

What are the key issues of the women's movement today? ›

The main issues that third wave feminists are concerned about include: sexual harassment, domestic violence, the pay gap between men and women, eating disorders and body image, sexual and reproductive rights, honour crimes and female genital mutilation.

When did women's rights become an issue? ›

The 1848 Seneca Falls Woman's Rights Convention marked the beginning of the women's rights movement in the United States.

What are the three roles of a woman? ›

Reproductive, productive and community managing role.

What does the name woman mean? ›

The word woman can be used generally, to mean any female human, or specifically, to mean an adult female human as contrasted with girl. The word girl originally meant "young person of either sex" in English; it was only around the beginning of the 16th century that it came to mean specifically a female child.

Who is a responsible woman? ›

A woman's responsibility is to support one another. A woman's responsibility is to help our female friends, family, and colleagues courageously hold on to their self-worth. A woman's responsibility is to guard our own emotional health and help other women grow in that area.

Is purple a woman's color? ›

Internationally, purple is a color for symbolizing women. Historically, the combination of purple, green and white to symbolize women's equality originated from the Women's Social and Political Union in the U.K. in 1908.

What is the symbol of International women's day? ›

The Venus female symbol (a circle with a cross handle) is the most used symbol of the International Women's Day. It is often combined with other symbols such as a raised fist, number 8, a globe, a flower, and a heart.

Do men have a holiday? ›

International Men's Day (IMD) is a global holiday celebrated annually in November to recognise and celebrate the cultural, political, and socioeconomic achievements of men. The objectives of celebrating an International Men's Day are set out in 'All The Six Pillars of International Men's Day'.

Why men's day is not celebrated on Google? ›

Google is based in the US, and we don't have a Men's Day. Google doodles often celebrate politically correct topics that aren't widely known, such as the birthdays of significant American Black (or other non-white) artists or scientists, though they also celebrate national holidays.

Do men have a national day? ›

International Men's Day on November 19th is a chance for men around the globe to teach the boys in their lives the values, character, and responsibilities of being a man. On this day, male role models are invited to set examples of health, well-being, and integrity for young men.

What is theme of women's day 2022? ›

What's the theme for International Women's Day in 2022? The theme for this year's International Women's Day is: “Gender equality today for a sustainable tomorrow.”

What is the theme for 2022 International women's day celebration? ›

IWD 2022 saw the campaign theme of #BreakTheBias forged by millions worldwide. Imagine a gender equal world. A world free of bias, stereotypes, and discrimination. A world that is diverse, equitable, and inclusive.

Why is International women's day celebrated? ›

8 March is International Women's Day - devoted to celebrating the achievements of women and seeking gender equality. The theme this year is #BreaktheBias - and campaigners are urging people to call out gender stereotyping and discrimination when they see it.

What is the Colour of women's day 2022? ›

Today, purple is the colour of International Women's Day, and combined with green represents the feminist movement.

What is the slogan for women's day 2022? ›

The theme for International Women's Day, 8 March, 2022 (IWD 2022) is, “Gender equality today for a sustainable tomorrow”, recognizing the contribution of women and girls around the world, who are leading the charge on climate change adaptation, mitigation, and response, to build a more sustainable future for all.

What is the theme of this year's women's day? ›

The theme for this year's International Women's Day is: “Gender equality today for a sustainable tomorrow.”

What is the hashtag of International women's day 2022? ›

The hashtag theme for International Women's Day 2022 is #BreaktheBias. To bridge the gender gap and move closer to equality, we must break away from gender bias, discrimination and stereotypes. Individually we are all responsible for challenging discrimination and bias.

Is purple a woman's color? ›

Internationally, purple is a color for symbolizing women. Historically, the combination of purple, green and white to symbolize women's equality originated from the Women's Social and Political Union in the U.K. in 1908.

What year did women's day start? ›

In 1975, recognized as International Women's Year, the United Nations General Assembly began celebrating March 8 as International Women's Day. By 2014, it was celebrated in more than 100 countries, and had been made an official holiday in more than 25.

What is the meaning of women's day? ›

International Women's Day is a day to acknowledge and honor women around the world for the contributions we make each day to society.

What is a strong woman quote? ›

A strong woman knows she has strength enough for the journey, but a woman of strength knows it is in the journey where she will become strong.” “I'd rather regret the risks that didn't work out than the chances I didn't take at all.” "You must love and care for yourself because that's when the best comes out.”

What is the symbol of International women's day? ›

The Venus female symbol (a circle with a cross handle) is the most used symbol of the International Women's Day. It is often combined with other symbols such as a raised fist, number 8, a globe, a flower, and a heart.

How do you say Happy women's day? ›

Happy Women's Day! Thank you for being the woman you are. I could not imagine the world without you! "You are truly an inspiration for many of us to always work hard towards your goals" Wishing a very Happy Women's Day to you.

How do we celebrate women's day? ›

10 Ways to Celebrate International Women's Day
  1. Start the day with something special. ...
  2. Give them some time off. ...
  3. Stand against gender biases. ...
  4. Buy meaning-full gifts. ...
  5. Help female-focused charity and fundraising. ...
  6. Plan an all-women trip. ...
  7. Take part in women supporting causes. ...
  8. Plan a full-on party.
4 Mar 2022

Why women's day celebrated on March 8? ›

The celebration of March 8 began as American Women's Day in commemoration of the demonstrations in New York in 1909. American women contributed to pushing European countries to designate March 8 as Women's Day.

What is the 2023 theme for women's history Month? ›

Join us for an online press conference hosted by Gloria Feldt and the National Women's History Alliance as we announce the 2023 Women's History Theme “Celebrating Women Who Tell Our Stories.”

What is the theme of International Women's Day 2023? ›

We can all play a part in helping build an equal world.

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